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오석태극권

  吴式太极拳是一种传统拳术。属于太极拳的流派之一。主要从杨氏太极拳的拳式发展创新的。杨式太极拳原有大架和小架之分,吴式太极拳是在杨式小架拳式基础上逐步修订的。素有“长寿拳、君子拳、药拳”的美称。

 

  吴式太极拳以柔化着称,动作轻松自然,连续不断,拳式小巧灵活。拳架由开展而紧凑,紧凑中不显拘谨。推手动作严密、细腻,守静而不妄动,亦以柔化见长。素有“君子拳、药拳、长寿拳”之美称

 

오식태극권은 양식태극권 소가식을 기초로 하여 만들어진 태극권이다. 오식태극권의 창시자는 만주족인 전우(全佑), 후에 그의 아들인 오감천(吳鑒泉)이다. 다시 더 발전된 태극권형식을 만들어 하나의 유파(吳式太極拳)를 형성하였다. 오식태극권은 유화(柔化) 하며, 동작은 가볍고 자연스럽게 끊임없이 이어지고, 비스듬히 중정을 갖추며, 보법은 천자보(川字步) 위주의 특징을 갖는다. 권식은 작으며 원활하게 움직이고 넓고 크게, 또는 가깝고 밀접하게 움직인다.

 

◈ Wu Jianquan (1870-1943), Founder of the Wu(吳) School

 

Wu Jianquan was of Manchu nationality and a native of Daxing County, Hebei Province. His father learned taijiquan from Yang Luchan when the latter was teaching it in Beijing, and then from Yang Luchan's second son Yang Banhou(1837-1892), who had in his childhood studied the small-frame routine from Wu Yuxiang.

 

Shortly after the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, Xu Yusheng founded the Society of Physical Culture in Beijing, where Yang Shaohou was engaged to teach the big-frame and Wu Jianquan to teach the small-frame taijiquan of the Yang school. After repeated improvements in the years that followed, the Yang style gradually developed into one of slow and gentle movements without jumps and leaps, thus making it increasingly popular among the people. Later members of the Yang family stopped teaching the small-frame routine completely, but Wu Jianquan continued his research and made it more and more popular until it was finally recognized as a distinct style known as the Wu school of taijiquan. In 1928 Wu was invited to teach as a professor in the Shanghai Wushu Society and the Jingwu Sports Society. In 1935 he himself founded the Jianquan Taijiquan Society, which played an important role in further promoting the Wu School. The Wu style is a combination of the big and small frames, with movements that are both compact and unrestrained.

 

 

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